Article 2- Admission or Establishment of New States

Parliament may by law admit into the Union, or establish, new States on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit. [2A. Sikkim to be Associated with the Union] {Repealed by the Constitution (Thirty -sixth Amedment) Act, 1975, w.e.f. 26-04-1975.]}

You may have heard about bifurcation of Jammu & Kashmir to two Union Territories. The power to decide terms and conditions came from this article. Out of 395 articles, 260 were already extended to Jammu & Kashmir through different presidential orders. And after this bifurcation all 395 articles are applicable to whole region.

Story of Sikkim

Sikkim was a monarchical state. Last king was Chogyal Palden Thonpun Namgyal. India and Sikkim had a treaty which gave Sikkim the
status of an Indian protectorate. It is because of this status article 2A was added in Indian constitution. But after Sikkim became part of the India, this article 2A was repealed.

After 1950s, Sikkim State Congress started civil disobedience to gain the democratic statehood. For that India played a major role and then Prime minister Indira Gandhi sent the troops of almost 20K to 40K to dethrone Chogyal and to organise a referendum. More than 97% people voted against the monarchy and Sikkim became the integral part of India.

Although there are no court cases which are directly linked to this article. But indireclty there are many provisions which are applicable to many Supreme and High court cases.

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